Jerusalem / Al-Quds

Aus Aktualitätsgründen haben wir uns entschlossen, auf unserer Webseite eine eigene Rubrik zum Thema Jerusalem/Al Quds einzurichten. Die jüngste Erklärung des US-amerikanischen Präsidenten Donald Trump, das „vereinte Jerusalem“ als Hauptstadt Israels anzuerkennen, hat den letzten Anstoß dazu gegeben. Wir werden also laufend auf dieser Seite über aktuelle Entwicklungen in diesem Zusammenhang berichten. Aus unserer Sicht, aus der Sicht der überwiegenden Mehrheit der Staaten der gesamten Welt und auch nahezu aller Völkerrechtsexperten ist die Sachlage klar, dass nämlich der Ost-Teil von Jerusalem/Al Quds 1967 besetztes Territorium ist und die einseitige Annexion und „Vereinigung“ mit West-Jerusalem im Jahr 1980 völkerrechtswidrig ist.

Wir beginnen diese Kolume mit einer wörtlichen Wiedergabe der Erklärung von Präsident Trump sowie einer kurzen Zusammenfassung der Situation aus völkerrechtlicher Sicht, welche Prof. Dr. Norman Paech, international anerkannter Völkerrechtler und früherer deutscher Bundestagsabgeordneter für unsere Gesellschaft verfasst hat.

Daran schließen unterschiedliche Analysen, Kommentare und Berichte, großteils chronologisch geordnet, an. Es ist möglich, dass wir diese Anordnung zu einem späteren Zeitpunkt nach sachlichen Gesichtspunkten neu ordnen. Im Moment geht es aber in erster Linie darum, die aktuellen Ereignisse laufend darzustellen.

Analyse von Prof. Dr. Norman Paech (download)

02.06.2018

Palestine in Pictures: May 2018

22.05.2018

Divided Jerusalem

01.03.2018

Israel climbs down over taxing Jerusalem churches

25.02.2018

The Resilience of Occupied Jerusalem: Israeli Violations in 2017 (Download)

30.12.2017

Regierung von Botswana protestiert gegen US-Erpressungen in den Vereinten Nationen

https://www.enca.com/south-africa/botswana-denounces-unprecedented-diplomacy-of-bullying-us-ambassador

http://aa.com.tr/en/africa/africa-welcomes-un-resolution-on-jerusalem/1012514

https://africa.cgtn.com/2017/12/22/botswana-reacts-to-u-s-threat-over-un-jerusalem-vote/

Arab governments can learn national dignity and praise from Bostwana

 

27.12.2014

Congress calls Trump’s bluff on threat to cut aid over UN vote (Al-monitor)

25.12.2017

Guatemala verlegt Botschaft nach Jerusalem(Dlf24)

How President Trump's first year changed the Middle East (CNN)

23.12.2017

Poll: Fewer than half of Americans support Jerusalem recognition (The Times of Israel)

22.12.2017

UN-Beiträge

176 nations at UN call for Palestinian statehood

Full text of UN resolution rejecting Jerusalem recognition

The full text of the UNSC resolution on Israeli settelements

U.S. Vetoes UN Resolution Rejecting Trump's Jerusalem Declaration 14 States Back Motion

UN Jerusalem resolution How each country voted

22.12.2017

Teilt euch die Stadt (Zeit online, Daniel Barenboim)

The EU Must Recognize the Palestinian State (Javier Solana)

20.12.2017

18.12.2017

Donald Trump: A president swallowed by history(ALJAZEERA)

Five key developments since Trump's Jerusalem move(ALJAZEERA)

Jerusalem – The Straw that Breaks the Empire’s Back?(Global Research)

Is Trump’s Jerusalem decision winner for Iran?(AL-MONITOR)

12.12.2017

Why World Doesn’t Recognize Jerusalem as Israel’s Capital (RealClearWorld)

Of Course Jerusalem Is Israel’s Capital(RealClearWorld)

12.12.2017

Brief der Bischöfe an President Trump

Lesen (PDF)

11.12.2017

The many casualties of Trump’s Jerusalem move (Washington Post)

10.12.2017

No, Mr. Trump (Turki AlFaisal)

10.12.2017

Link zu YouTube

07.12.2017

Counting the Costs of U.S. Recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s Capital

Quelle: Counting the Costs of U.S. Recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s Capital

07.12.2017

Fritz Edlinger:
Trumps Entscheidung zu Jerusalem stellt das internationale Rechtssystem infrage!

Die Entscheidung von Präsident Donald Trump bezüglich der US-Botschaft in Israel bedeutet nicht mehr und nicht weniger als die völlige Missachtung von Völkerrecht und international verbindlichen Vereinbarungen durch die US-Administration, erklärte der Generalsekretär der „Gesellschaft für Österreichisch-Arabische Beziehungen“ (GÖAB) Fritz Edlinger in einer heute veröffentlichten Stellungnahme. Diese Entscheidung stellt einen einzigartigen Tabubruch dar, denn der Status von Jerusalem ist nicht nur durch unzählige UN-Resolutionen insoferne geklärt, als die einseitige Annexion des Ostteiles der Stadt durch Israel im Jahre 1980 von keinem einzigen Staat der Welt – zumindest bis dato – anerkannt, sondern auch von den USA selbst als Signatarmacht der sogenannten Oslo-Deklaration als Gegenstand späterer Verhandlungen festgehalten worden ist. Präsident Trumps Entscheidung stellt also nicht nur eine provokante Brüskierung der gesamten Staatengemeinschaft dar sondern auch eine Distanzierung von Entscheidungen seiner Amtsvorgänger, welche seit dem Jahr 1995 die Anerkennung der völkerrechtswidrigen Annexion Jerusalems verhindert haben. Präsident Trump hat daher neuerlich unter Beweis gestellt, dass für ihn Werte wie Respekt des Völkerrechtes und ähnlicher internationaler Werte und Normen von geringer Bedeutung sind. In seiner „Dealmaker-Mentalität“ ist er bereit, die wesentlichsten Grundlagen des seit 1945 bestehenden internationalen Rechtssystems infrage zu stellen, führte der GÖAB-Generalsekretär weiter aus.

Fritz Edlinger richtete daher an Außenminister Sebastian Kurz die Forderung, einerseits eine klare Verurteilung dieser Entscheidung durch die Österreichische Bundesregierung zum Ausdruck zu bringen und auch dafür zu sorgen, dass die EU ebenfalls eine unmissverständliche Erklärung abgibt. Des Weiteren schlägt der GÖAB-Generalsekretär vor, dass die EU ihr nahostpolitisches Engagement deutlich verstärke, da die neue Haltung der USA diese als Vermittler im israelisch- palästinensischen Konflikt endgültig diskreditiert habe. Es sei höchst an der Zeit, dass eine Lösung dieses Konfliktes, der Europa unmittelbar betrifft, nicht länger unerfahrenen und weitgehend einseitigen Dealmakern überlassen werde. Nach einem Jahr Trump‘schen Dilettantismus und Abenteurertum ist es absolut notwendig, dass die internationale Staatengemeinschaft dem entschlossen entgegentritt. Andernfalls wird sich die Welt in Kürze mit neuem Terror und Kriegen konfrontiert sehen, schloss Fritz Edlinger seine Erklärung.

06.12.2017

FULL SPEECH: Trump recognizes Jerusalem as Israel's capital

The following is the text of an address made by President Donald Trump announcing the recognition by the United States of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital.

US President Donald Trump: Thank you. When I came into office, I promised to look at the world’s challenges with open eyes and very fresh thinking. We cannot solve our problems by making the same failed assumptions and repeating the same failed strategies of the past. Old challenges demand new approaches.

My announcement today marks the beginning of a new approach to conflict between Israel and the Palestinians.

Yet, for over 20 years, every previous American president has exercised the law’s waiver, refusing to move the U.S. embassy to Jerusalem or to recognize Jerusalem as Israel’s capital city.

Presidents issued these waivers under the belief that delaying the recognition of Jerusalem would advance the cause of peace. Some say they lacked courage, but they made their best judgments based on facts as they understood them at the time. Nevertheless, the record is in. After more than two decades of waivers, we are no closer to a lasting peace agreement between Israel and the Palestinians. It would be folly to assume that repeating the exact same formula would now produce a different or better result.

Therefore, I have determined that it is time to officially recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. While previous presidents have made this a major campaign promise, they failed to deliver. Today, I am delivering.

I’ve judged this course of action to be in the best interests of the United States of America and the pursuit of peace between Israel and the Palestinians. This is a long-overdue step to advance the peace process and to work towards a lasting agreement.

Israel is a sovereign nation with the right like every other sovereign nation to determine its own capital. Acknowledging this as a fact is a necessary condition for achieving peace.

It was 70 years ago that the United States, under President Truman, recognized the State of Israel. Ever since then, Israel has made its capital in the city of Jerusalem—the capital the Jewish people established in ancient times. Today, Jerusalem is the seat of the modern Israeli government. It is the home of the Israeli parliament, the Knesset, as well as the Israeli Supreme Court. It is the location of the official residence of the Prime Minister and the President. It is the headquarters of many government ministries.

For decades, visiting American presidents, secretaries of state, and military leaders have met their Israeli counterparts in Jerusalem, as I did on my trip to Israel earlier this year.

Jerusalem is not just the heart of three great religions, but it is now also the heart of one of the most successful democracies in the world. Over the past seven decades, the Israeli people have built a country where Jews, Muslims, and Christians, and people of all faiths are free to live and worship according to their conscience and according to their beliefs.

Jerusalem is today, and must remain, a place where Jews pray at the Western Wall, where Christians walk the Stations of the Cross, and where Muslims worship at Al-Aqsa Mosque. However, through all of these years, presidents representing the United States have declined to officially recognize Jerusalem as Israel’s capital. In fact, we have declined to acknowledge any Israeli capital at all.

But today, we finally acknowledge the obvious: that Jerusalem is Israel’s capital. This is nothing more, or less, than a recognition of reality. It is also the right thing to do. It’s something that has to be done.

That is why, consistent with the Jerusalem Embassy Act, I am also directing the State Department to begin preparation to move the American embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem. This will immediately begin the process of hiring architects, engineers, and planners, so that a new embassy, when completed, will be a magnificent tribute to peace.

In making these announcements, I also want to make one point very clear: This decision is not intended, in any way, to reflect a departure from our strong commitment to facilitate a lasting peace agreement. We want an agreement that is a great deal for the Israelis and a great deal for the Palestinians. We are not taking a position of any final status issues, including the specific boundaries of the Israeli sovereignty in Jerusalem, or the resolution of contested borders. Those questions are up to the parties involved.

The United States remains deeply committed to helping facilitate a peace agreement that is acceptable to both sides. I intend to do everything in my power to help forge such an agreement. Without question, Jerusalem is one of the most sensitive issues in those talks. The United States would support a two-state solution if agreed to by both sides. In the meantime, I call on all parties to maintain the status quo at Jerusalem’s holy sites, including the Temple Mount, also known as Haram al-Sharif.

Above all, our greatest hope is for peace, the universal yearning in every human soul. With today’s action, I reaffirm my administration’s longstanding commitment to a future of peace and security for the region.

There will, of course, be disagreement and dissent regarding this announcement. But we are confident that ultimately, as we work through these disagreements, we will arrive at a peace and a place far greater in understanding and cooperation.

This sacred city should call forth the best in humanity, lifting our sights to what it is possible; not pulling us back and down to the old fights that have become so totally predictable. Peace is never beyond the grasp of those willing to reach.

So today, we call for calm, for moderation, and for the voices of tolerance to prevail over the purveyors of hate. Our children should inherit our love, not our conflicts.

I repeat the message I delivered at the historic and extraordinary summit in Saudi Arabia earlier this year: The Middle East is a region rich with culture, spirit, and history. Its people are brilliant, proud, and diverse, vibrant and strong. But the incredible future awaiting this region is held at bay by bloodshed, ignorance, and terror.

Vice President Pence will travel to the region in the coming days to reaffirm our commitment to work with partners throughout the Middle East to defeat radicalism that threatens the hopes and dreams of future generations. It is time for the many who desire peace to expel the extremists from their midst. It is time for all civilized nations, and people, to respond to disagreement with reasoned debate—not violence.

And it is time for young and moderate voices all across the Middle East to claim for themselves a bright and beautiful future.

So today, let us rededicate ourselves to a path of mutual understanding and respect. Let us rethink old assumptions and open our hearts and minds to possible and possibilities. And finally, I ask the leaders of the region—political and religious; Israeli and Palestinian; Jewish and Christian and Muslim—to join us in the noble quest for lasting peace. Thank you. God bless you. God bless Israel. God bless the Palestinians. And God bless the United States. Thank you very much. Thank you.

Quelle: https://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-5053150,00.html